Many people who are new to surfing usually end up getting shocked at how different it is in reality from what they envisioned based on what they might have watched online or on the TV. There are so many variables that come into play for a surfer to be able to ride a wave. These include the type of surfing they intend to do, the type of board they intend to use, and most importantly, the type of wave they may encounter. Not all waves are the same, and not all waves can be surfed; there are specific types of waves that a surfer needs to be aware of. The different types include:

  • Reforms

This is a type of wave that will at times break with so much energy then die down as it approaches deeper waters before reforming itself again. This constant breaking and dying down is caused by the varying bottom depths of the area that the wave covers. An advanced surfer needs to have the ability to read this randomness for them to be able to make the most of such a wave.

  • Crumbly

Gently breaking waves that are neither very steep, fast nor hollow. They are a result of the seabed contour being more gradual. Unlike most surf waves, crumbly waves do not contain much power and are preferred by beginners.

  • Tubing

These are the type of waves that are hollow and resemble barrels just when they are about to break. They are generated when a swell rolls through the deep waters and then suddenly hits a much shallower area. Tubing waves are the most highly sought after by surfers, but could prove dangerous to the novices.

  • Close-Outs

These are the type of waves that break all at once rather than peeling away. They are the waves responsible for creating that foamy white-water effect you see on beaches. Due to their weakness, they are not that ideal for surfing

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